Summer is here and we have seen a lot of rain lately. This means mosquitoes are out in full force right now. Mosquitoes are not only annoying, but they can also carry dangerous diseases including, but not limited to: West-Nile Virus, Zika Virus, Chikungunya Virus, Dengue and Malaria. Find out what you need to know about these mosquito-borne diseases.
About 1 in 5 people who are infected will develop a fever and other symptoms. Less than 1% of those infected develop a serious, sometimes fatal, neurologic illness. West Nile virus was found earlier this year in mosquito samples collected in Baton Rouge, according to media reports.
Many areas in the United States have the type of mosquitoes that can spread Zika virus. These mosquitoes bite during the day and night. Zika infection during pregnancy can cause a serious birth defect called microcephaly that is a sign of incomplete brain development
Chikungunya virus is spread to people by the bite of an infected mosquito. The most common symptoms of infection are fever and joint pain. s. In late 2013, chikungunya virus was found for the first time in the Americas on islands in the Caribbean. By now, the virus has spread throughout most of the Americas, including the U.S..
Dengue viruses are spread to people through the bite of an infected mosquito. The CDC says about one in four people infected with dengue will get sick. For people who get sick with dengue, symptoms can be mild or severe. Severe dengue can be life-threatening within a few hours and often requires hospitalization. Dengue outbreaks occasionally occur in the U.S., according to the CDC.
People with malaria often experience fever, chills, and flu-like illness. Left untreated, they may develop severe complications and die. The CDC says there are about 2,000 cases of malaria are diagnosed in the U.S. each year.
For more information about mosquitoes and mosquito-borne diseases, visit: https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/outdoor/mosquito-borne/default.html